Glaucoma affects over 60 million individuals globally and the second top cause of blindness . Both marijuana and THC are demonstrated to reduce intra-ocular pressure, and it can be an integral contributor to both glaucoma. Among the most well known applications for medical marijuana is
The most common form of glaucoma is called primary open angle glaucoma and represents a slowly progressive disorder that destroys cells in the retina and also degrades the optic nerve.A individual's visual field becomes constricted and finally disappears. The individual goes blind.
Three factors are identified that create risk factors such as glaucoma. The first two will be outside of a individual's controller = Age and Race. The next, improved intra-ocular pressure, is the one which's potentially controllable.
Intra-ocular pressure generally results in the eye contour being preserved by fluid from the eye called aqueous humor. The fluid flows involving the front part of the eye and also the rear of the retina. If a individual has increased intraocular pressure, the flow of fluid in the front part of the eye is limited, and the stress rises. It's this fluid that's supposed to supply nourishment to the optic nerve.
Slimming intra-ocular pressure to ordinary doesn't ensure glaucoma prevention, but as it is the only real risk factor, it's the one which is worked on together with drugs.
1) Reducing the generation of nitric oxide 2) which makes it easier for the fluid to flow from the front eye
Additionally, there are a couple surgical options which try to reach the exact same objective.
Several studies have demonstrated the consequences of marijuana and THC on decreasing intraocular pressure. Implementing cannabinoids straight to the eye didn't work however.
Research hasn't shown us how cannabinoids decrease IOP. They operate at decreasing IOP for approximately 4 hours. Meaning having to carry it to 8 times every day, whereas, there are different medicines only necessary twice every day.
The unwanted effects of marijuana ingestion, like the side effects, can be problematic for the elderly to endure. The IOP in patients with glaucoma has to be controlled regularly as it is a disease that is progressive.
It is not as powerful and possibly more problematic compared to the most recent drugs. If, however, a patient requires a third or second line alternative, marijuana may match the need well.